Psalm 22:12-18 is by far the most graphic account of Jesus’ crucifixion. But it also stands as a significant piece of evidence to the inspiration of Scripture.
Now, by inspiration, I do not mean simply in an artistic sense, like a musician or a painter having special insight. Inspiration as far as Scripture is concerned is that which God breathes out. God breathes out His Word as He did at creation, He breathes out His Word to create a people (John 3:3-7; 2 Timothy 3:16-17).
Certain places in Scripture show the clarity of this doctrine. Psalm 22:12-18 says this:
12 Many bulls encompass me;
strong bulls of Bashan surround me;
13 they open wide their mouths at me,
like a ravening and roaring lion.
14 I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint;
my heart is like wax;
it is melted within my breast;
15 my strength is dried up like a potsherd,
and my tongue sticks to my jaws;
you lay me in the dust of death.
16 For dogs encompass me;
a company of evildoers encircles me;
they have pierced my hands and feet—
17 I can count all my bones—
they stare and gloat over me;
18 they divide my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.
In the notes on this passage, the Scofield Bible helps us see how truly inspired (that is, God breathed) this is:
Psalm 22. is a graphic picture of death by crucifixion. The bones (of the hands, arms, shoulders, and pelvis) out of joint ( Psalms 22:14 ) the profuse perspiration caused by intense suffering (v. 14); the action of the heart affected (v .14); strength exhausted, and extreme thirst ( Psalms 22:15); the hands and feet pierced ( Psalms 22:16 ) partial nudity with hurt to modesty ( Psalms 22:17 ), are all incidental to that mode of death. The accompanying circumstances are precisely those fulfilled in the crucifixion of Christ (Psalms 22:14-17) . The desolate cry of ; Psalms 22:1 ; Matthew 27:46, the periods of light and darkness of ; Psalms 22:2 ; Matthew 27:45 the contumely of ;Psalms 22:6-8;Psalms 22:12Psalms 22:13Psalms 22:18 ; Matthew 27:29-43 the casting lots of verse Psalms 22:18 ( Matthew 27:35 ), all were literally fulfilled. When it is remembered that crucifixion was a Roman, not Jewish form of execution, the proof of inspiration is irresistible.
The Roman Empire did not come to fruition until approximately 400 BC–600 years after David uttered this prophecy. David had no Jewish cultural basis for concocting this story of execution. We have only one feasible explanation–inspiration of the Holy Spirit!